1- Comparative case studies

Our research team will conduct fieldwork on at least five pairs of countries from different world regions. We will study two types of cases:

  • Countries that had different historical patterns of ethnic diversity and public goods provision but have achieved similar levels of public goods provision in the present day.
  • Countries with similar historical patterns of ethnic diversity and public goods provision that afterwards embarked on radically different trajectories.

The convergence of countries with different initial strategies and vice-versa challenges the established wisdom regarding the relation between diversity and public performance.

Hovering the cursor over a country shows its degree of public goods provision, state capacity and ethnic capacity in the 1970s when compared with the other country in the pair. It also shows its nation-building strategy carried out in the same period.

In ETHNICGOODS, we will develop indicators and process-tracing strategies to analyze how different nation-building modes and variations of state capacity have influenced successive levels of ethnic diversity and public goods provision. Through this step, we aim to validate the theoretical framework of our project.

  Public Goods Provisions State Capacity Nation Building Ethnic Diversity

Indonesia

Philippines

=

=

+

Assimilation

Assimilation

+

Peru 

Argentina

=

=

+

Accommodation

Assimilation

+

Tanzania

Kenia

+

+

Assimilation

Exclusion

+

Spain

France

=

=

+

Accommodation

Assimilation

+

Zambia

Botswana

+

+

Exclusion

Assimilation

=

=

Scroll left to see the complete table.

The table shows our comparison of each pair of countries in terms of their degree of public goods provision, state capacity and ethnic capacity in the 1970s. “+” equals to a higher level and “-“ to lower level, in pairing. The table also shows the nation-building strategy carried out for each country.

In ETHNICGOODS, we will develop indicators and process-tracing strategies to analyze how different nation-building modes and variations of state capacity have influenced successive levels of ethnic diversity and public goods provision. Through this step, we aim to validate the theoretical framework of our project.

2- Construction of datasets

We will assess whether the insights generated by the case studies are valid at global level. We will produce a detailed mapping of how nation-building and state institutional development unfolded across the world.

We will assembles two original datasets that code:

  • Nation-building strategies: we will rely on indicators of constitutional choices regarding diversity (language and citizenship rights), and of the actual implementation of these rights (education curricula).
Consult it
  • Historical strength of states: we will focus on the ability of states to reach through society by looking at their capacity to collect reliable information about populations and territories through censuses and land cadasters.
Consult it

3-Statistical analysis

Once the datasets are created, we will proceed with a global statistical analysis to test the hypotheses of our project.